Do you want to attend speech therapy college? Find out how it works!
Do you want to work in the health field and are curious about the Faculty of Speech Therapy? Many people are interested in pursuing this profession, but are left with doubts about how graduation works, the subjects studied and what is the profile necessary to pursue a career in the field.
In addition, before choosing a higher education course, it is common to want to know about professional opportunities. Is that also your case? Know that you are in the right place!
In this post, we will share the most relevant issues of the faculty, from the basic principles of the course to the details of what is studied in Speech Therapy. Are you interested? Then read on!
How is the Faculty of Speech Therapy?
The Faculty of Speech Therapy prepares the student to act in health promotion, prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of issues related to voice, speech, language, hearing and also oral motor skills. As you can see, speech therapy goes far beyond speech!
In other words, the speech therapist is a professional who takes care of everything related to human communication. It also works with aspects of breathing and swallowing.
Currently, the lack of professionals covering the areas of competence in Speech Therapy makes the role of this professional even more important. This scenario is even more accentuated in the North of Brazil, where there is a great need for this type of service.
The Faculty of Speech Therapy is part of the health sciences. Even after graduating, it is common for the speech therapist to work together with other professionals in the field, such as physiotherapists, psychologists, dentists, occupational therapists, otolaryngologists and neurologists.
The course has a total duration of 4 years, divided into 8 semesters. At UniNorte, for example, the total workload is 3,291 hours – 3,091 hours of courses and 200 hours of complementary activities.
What do you study in Speech Therapy?
The course presents a syllabus that unites theory and practice. Thus, the newly graduated is already prepared to work with different types of assistance.
Do you want to know what you are studying in Speech Therapy? Know that the curricular matrix of this graduation has almost forty subjects, some of which are:
- Human Structure and Function;
- Biological Processes;
- Speech Therapy Practices;
- Neuropsychomotor and Language Development;
- Stomatognathic System;
- Nervous System;
- Diagnosis in Oral Language;
- Orofacial motricity;
- Audiological Evaluation;
- Health and Vocal Aspects;
- Basic Drug Therapy;
- Rehabilitation in Oral Language;
- Rehabilitation in Orofacial Motricity;
- Vocal Rehabilitation;
- Auditory Processing Assessment;
- Collective Health;
- Professional Voice;
- Diagnosis and Rehabilitation in Written Language;
- Qualification and Hearing Rehabilitation;
- Speech Therapy at Work;
- Hospital Speech Therapy;
- Health Services Management.
The undergraduate course also has extension and monitoring activities, practical classes in Speech Therapy, events in the area, in addition to clinics and laboratories specific to this field of knowledge.
Supervised mandatory internship
To obtain the diploma, it is also necessary to carry out a supervised internship. The student can do this step in clinics and laboratories of the higher education institution or in hospitals, schools, clinics and speech therapy offices.
It is an excellent opportunity to put into practice all the concepts learned, attend to different cases and patients and also receive the guidance of professionals who have been in the market for long.
With the mandatory internship, the student can also understand which area and audience he most identifies with, which can be important for the direction of his career.
There is also the possibility of exchange during graduation. Many universities usually offer the possibility for students to take up to two semesters of the course abroad. Some advantages of having a study abroad experience are:
- taking Speech Therapy courses in another country;
- personal development;
- living and learning a new culture;
- career upgrade;
- development of independence and responsibility.
The student who intends to carry out an exchange abroad must be between the second and the last penultimate period of the college and be able to sustain themselves financially during their stay outside Brazil. You must also master the language of the destination country. With these prerequisites, you can choose between two modes:
- semiannual – in which the exchange lasts from 6 to 12 months;
- short duration – where the time varies according to the availability of the offer.
What are the areas of operation and what is the job market like?
Now that you have seen what you are studying in speech therapy, you should be curious to know about the job market.
However, first of all, you must know that, in order to work in the field, in addition to completing the Phonoaudiology faculty, it is mandatory to register with the Regional Council of Speech Therapy of your state.
The speech therapist can work both in public health institutions and in the private network. Some examples are offices, clinics, hospitals, maternity wards, schools, companies and diagnostic laboratories.
Currently, several factors contribute to the growth in demand for these professionals, such as the advancement of public health policies, the law that determines that medical plans cover Speech Therapy sessions and the aging of the population.
See below the main areas of activity of this career:
Takes care of problems related to hearing and balance, performing exams and defining the best treatments for different degrees and types of hearing loss. Works with selection and adaptation of hearing aids.
Whoever chooses this area can even work in maternity hospitals, performing the ear test – a mandatory test in newborns that identifies changes in hearing.
This area deals with speech and writing disorders, helping children with language learning difficulties. In addition, it serves adults with diseases that affect oral communication, as well as those who have suffered an accident that impacted this ability.
It deals with the muscular improvement of the face and treats problems related to chewing, swallowing, breathing, sucking and speaking. Here the speech therapist’s job involves balancing muscle forces and adjusting posture to harmonize the aesthetics and functioning of the facial muscles.
Prevents and treats voice-related problems, such as hoarseness. Apply treatments and techniques to improve pronunciation, breathing and intonation. Usually works with professionals who use their voice as a work tool, such as:
- radio and TV presenters;
- sports coaches;
- telemarketing attendants.
Works in the promotion, improvement and prevention of changes in voice, oral and written language, hearing and orofacial motricity. They are important treatments especially for school children, as they optimize learning.
The professional makes the assessment, diagnosis and works in the rehabilitation of patients with neurofunctional changes. It will work with the treatment of sequelae to the central or peripheral nervous system that affected the speech-language capacity. These are situations that can occur, for example, in those who have suffered a stroke.
The speech therapist works to promote health in environments that can be harmful to the voice or hearing of workers. Thus, it develops hearing conservation programs, in addition to assessing risks in work activities.
Speech Therapy area that addresses the problems of hearing, breathing, motor skills, balance and swallowing faced by the elderly population.
The professional also attends cases of dysphagia, which is a change in the act of swallowing. It may be due to some disease, such as cancer, Alzheimer’s, stroke, or it may arise after a tracheostomy or head or neck trauma.
The speech therapist is able to intervene in the problem, contributing to the patient’s rehabilitation.
There is space for the speech therapist in health departments, health posts, rehabilitation centers and public hospitals. To enter these positions, approval in a public contest is mandatory.
What is the professional’s profile?
Want to know if this career is really for you? Know that the speech therapist must enjoy taking care of people since his job requires direct care for patients of different age groups – especially children and the elderly.
It is also important to be empathetic and humanize care, that is, to have the patience to understand the patient’s needs and when performing exercises and therapies.
The professional should feel free to work in a group, as their performance can occur with a health team.
In addition, the health area is always evolving and, therefore, it is necessary to continue studying and researching the trends in the segment in order to keep up to date.
The opportunities for those who attend a course in Speech Therapy are varied. There is a high demand for this professional, who can work in several areas and types of institution. Another highlight is that speech therapists provide an extremely important service to society, taking care of people with speech, hearing, voice, reading, writing or oral motricity difficulties.